What is Ritalin
Ritalin (methylphenidate) is a central nervous system stimulant. It affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control. Ritalin is the brand name formulation of methylphenidate that is most associated with the medication treatment of ADHD. It’s generic name is methylphenidate hydrochloride. It is a central nervous system stimulant ADHD medication FDA approved to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD or ADD) in children ages 6-12, adolescents, and adults up to age 65.
Ritalin may improve focus, and decrease impulsivity and hyperactive behavior, three ADHD symptoms. It contains the same active ingredient as ADHD medications like Concerta and Daytrana. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Ritalin is a federally controlled substance (“Schedule II Stimulant”) because it can be abused or lead to dependence.
Ritalin is also FDA-approved for the treatment of narcolepsy
What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?
Everyone gets distracted sometimes. Lack of sleep, stress and trying to do too much at once can all lead to problems focusing on a particular task. It’s also normal for people – especially children – to be restless, fidgety or irritable from time to time. But in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, commonly known as ADHD, symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity are present most of the time and disrupt a person’s social, work and/or school life.
One of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in kids, ADHD is typically diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. There are three types of ADHD, identified by their most prominent symptoms, predominantly inattentive presentation, predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation or combined presentation.
Signs and Symptoms
For a diagnosis of ADHD, a person must show a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with daily function or development. Six or more of the following symptoms must last at least six months and negatively impact social, academic or occupational activities.
- Inattention symptoms
- Failing to give close attention to details or making careless mistakes in schoolwork, at work or during other activities
- Having difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities
- Not seeming to listen when spoken to directly
- Not following through on instructions and failing to finish schoolwork, chores or duties in the workplace
- Having difficulty organizing tasks and activities
- Avoiding, disliking or being reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort
- Losing things necessary for tasks or activities
- Being easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
- Being forgetful in daily activities
- Hyperactivity and impulsivity symptoms
- Fidgeting with or tapping hands or feet or squirming in seat
- Leaving seat in situations when remaining seated is expected
- Running about or climbing in situations where it is inappropriate (children) or feeling restless (older teens and adults)
- Being unable to play or engage in leisure activities quietly
- Being “on the go” or acting as if “driven by a motor”
- Talking excessively
- Blurting out an answer before a question has been completed
- Having difficulty waiting his or her turn
- Interrupting or intruding on others
In ADHD, several symptoms are often present before age 12; inattention, hyperactivity and/or impulsivity are present in two or more settings (home, work, school, social activities) and there is clear evidence that symptoms interfere with functioning. The symptoms are not related to schizophrenia or another psychotic disorder and are not better explained by another mental disorder.
Buying Ritalin In Kentucky
Kentucky leads the nation in the number of children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Nearly one in five children in the commonwealth has been diagnosed with the disorder, according to numbers released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nearly 19 percent of Kentucky children ages 4-17 have, at some point, been diagnosed with ADHD. That’s well over the national average of 11 percent.
Doctors aren’t sure why Kentucky’s rates are so high. Some theorize the numbers reflect the state’s rampant poverty, since ADHD is identified more frequently in the poor. Others say more children here may be genetically prone to the disorder or face other risk factors.
And some say overworked primary care doctors who aren’t experts in the disorder may be over-diagnosing — and possibly over-prescribing — both locally and nationwide. Roughly 8 percent of of school-aged boys nationally and nearly 4 percent of girls took ADHD medications in 2012, according to data from the pharmacy benefit management firm Express Scripts.
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